300th Military Intelligence
With a humble beginning, the 142nd Intelligence Company was
organized in February 1960. This company comprised
interrogators, analysts, translators, and editors. Twenty-one
years later, the company reorganized and became the 142d MI
Battalion, which consisted of three companies. Due to the
quality of linguists, the 142d Military Intelligence (MI)
Battalion gained recognition as a "national treasure," which led
to additional Army requirements and the creation of the 300th MI
Brigade in 1988. In 1996, the 300th MI Brigade (Linguist)
aligned to the U.S. Army Intelligence and Security Command.
Headquartered in Draper, Utah, the 300th MI Brigade (Linguist)
is a "one of a kind" Army unit that responds to the ever-present
need for trained Army linguists throughout the world. Today the
brigade has six battalions, the 141st and 142d MI Battalions in
Utah, the 223d MI Battalion in California, the 260th MI
Battalion in Florida, the 415th MI Battalion in Louisiana, and
the 341st MI Battalion in Washington. The brigade also has
companies in Illinois and Massachusetts and a team in Guam. Its
soldiers number approximately 1400 in both the human and signals
intelligence (HUMINT and SIGINT) disciplines, with approximately
90 percent of these soldiers being trained linguists. The 300th
is built from the bottom up, with five-soldier teams trained in
a unique language as well as an MI skill. The Brigade HUMINT
skills include collectors, such as interrogators, translators,
and interpreters; it includes counterintelligence (CI) agents as
well. The SIGINT skills include soldiers trained in voice
intercept and those trained as analysts.
The 300th covers 19 documented languages. The focus is heavily
oriented toward Arabic, Persian-Farsi, and Korean, but the
Brigade includes soldiers that speak regionally important
languages such as Chinese, French, German, Portuguese, Russian,
Serbo-Croatian, Spanish, Tagalog, Thai, Turkish, and Vietnamese.
Major conflict languages make up approximately 60 percent of the
Brigade force structure.
The mission of the 300th MI Brigade has always been to provide
task-organized force packages to support the warfighting
commander. The units of the 300th MI Brigade (Linguist) have
proven invaluable in U.S. military operations worldwide from the
Gulf War to current operations in Bosnia-Herzegovina, Kosovo,
Iraq, Kuwait, Afghanistan, Cuba. Three battalions (141st, 142nd,
and 223rd) have developed intelligence that led to victorious
actions in Operation IRAQI FREEDOM (OIF), including the capture
of prominent figures of the former Iraqi regime including,
reportedly, Saddam Hussein. Soldiers from the 223d MI Battalion
comprise more than 30 percent of the tactical HUMINT teams and
operational management teams available during OIF.
Soldiers from the 300th played a major role in protecting the
2002 Olympic Winter Games in Salt Lake City, have deployed in
support of Operation ENDURING FREEDOM (OEF), Multinational Force
Observer (MFO) Sinai, and the Stabilization Force (SFOR) in
Bosnia-Herzegovina. The battalions of the 300th also support
many different exercises throughout the year with language and
MI skills. In addition, each year the 300th sponsors a major
military language conference.
Symbolism: The colors Oriental blue and silver gray are
traditionally associated with U.S. Army Military Intelligence.
The arrows allude to global service and intelligence from all
sources, the quill refers to research and the study of
linguistics, and the dagger symbolizes the covert and military
aspects of the unit's mission.
Background: The shoulder sleeve insignia was approved on 1